Process of Words Formation

قياسي

Process of Words Formation

  1. Compounding

Compounding is simply the joining of two or more words into a single words , as in hang glider, airstrip, cornflakes, busybody, blackberry, dropbox, downpour , facebook.

  1. Derivation

Derivation is the forming of new words by combining derivational affixes or bound basses with existing words , as in disadvice, emplane, deplane, disable, teleplay, telepathy, re-ask .

  1. Invention

Now and then new words are totally invented , like kodak , google, yahoo, quark, blurb, floosy, linux.

  1. ُEchoism

Echoism is the formation of words whose sound suggests their meaning , like hiss and peewee. The meaning is usually a sound either natural like roar of a waterfall or artificial kile clang of a bell. Examples : moan , click , murmur, quack, thunder, whisper, lisp.

  1. Clipping

Clipping means cutting off the beginning or the end of a word , or both, leaving a part to stand for the whole. The resultant form is called a clipped word. The jargon of the campus if filled with clipped words like , lab, dorm,  prof, exam, gym, prom, math , mike .

  1. Acronymy

Acronym is the process whereby a word os form from the initials or beginning segments of a succession of words , like USA (United States of America) , NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization ).

  1. Blending

Blending is the fusion of two words into none, usually the first part of none word with the last part of another, as in gasohol, from gasoline and alcohol .

  1. Back-formation

This process is just the reverse of out customary method of word formation, where by we being with a verb like speak and, by adding the agernt morpheme {ER n}, form the nound speaker.It may be defined as the formation of a word from one that lokks like its derivation, like hdgehop from the noun hedohopper .

  1. Folk Etymology

Such a process , changing a word , in part or in whole , to make it more understandable and more like familial words.

  1. Antonomasia

Antonomasia means the formation of a common noun, a verb, or an adjective from the name of a person or place. For example the word frisbee comes from the Frisbee Bakery in Bridgewater.

  1. Reduplication

Reduplication is the process of forming a new word by doubling a morpheme, usually with a change of vowel or initial consonant, as in pooh-pooh, tiptop, and hanky-panky.

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